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Pediatric Vaccinations - All You Need to Know

Childhood Vaccines


Vaccinations have helped to eliminate many diseases that in the past would have permanently effected a young child’s quality of life or even taken it. 

Vaccines contain weakened or killed forms of the disease germs which are intentionally introduced into the body. The agent introduced will stimulate the immune system to recognize the agent as a threat, destroy it and keep a record to provide future protection from certain diseases.

Getting Sick Vs Getting Vaccinated

Contracting a disease and getting vaccinated can both stimulate your immune system in to action and create antibodies. However, the live disease will make you sick before your body can fight it, whereas the vaccine will spare a child from serious complications these vaccinated diseases are commonly known for.

The benefits of vaccinating your child also extend to other children. There are some children who can’t get certain vaccines for medical or other reasons, and babies who are too young to be vaccinated. They rely on the immunity of people around them to protect them from infectious diseases. The more children in a community who are vaccinated, the harder it is for a disease to spread.

The Vaccination Office Visit

Before Your Vaccination Visit

Make sure to bring your vaccination record card for your child on each visit to your provider so that shots can be documented (Vaccinations will not be given without your record card). If your child is getting the first vaccination(s), ask for a card. This record will come in handy later to show that your child has had the vaccinations necessary to get into school, or if you move or switch doctors or leave the country.

The doctor or nurse will ask you some questions about your child. Be prepared to tell them:

  • If your child ever had a severe reaction to a dose of any vaccine.

  • If your child has any severe allergies.

  • If your child has an immune system problem.

During Your Vaccination Visit

Always ask your provider if you have any questions or would like more information.

Many providers like to keep a child in the office for observation for about 30 minutes after getting vaccines, in the unlikely event of an allergic reaction or in case the child becomes dizzy or faints.


If your child has a moderate or severe cold or other illness, you might be asked to postpone vaccinations until he gets better.


Be sure that all vaccinations that are given get recorded in your baby’s vaccination record.

After Vaccination

What To Do If Your Child Has Discomfort ?

Your child may need a little extra love and care after getting immunized. Many of the shots that our protect children from serious diseases can also cause discomfort for a while. Here are answers to common questions many parents have about the fussiness, fever, and pain that children may experience after they have been immunized. If you don’t find the answers to your questions, call the clinic. The contact information can be found at the end of this brochure.

My child has been fussy since you immunized him/her. What should I do?

After immunization, children may be fussy due to the pain and/or fever. You may want to give your child acetaminophen, a medicine that helps to reduce pain and fever. Some examples of acetaminophen are Tylenol, Panadol, and Tempra. DO NOT GIVE ASPIRIN. If the fussiness lasts more than 24 hours, you should call the clinic.

My child’s arm (or leg) is swollen, hot, and red. What should I do?

  • A clean, cool washcloth may be applied over the sore area as needed for comfort.

  • If there is increasing redness or tenderness after 24 hours, call the clinic.

  • For pain, give acetaminophen. DO NOT GIVE ASPIRIN.

I think my child has a fever. What should I do?

Check your child’s temperature to find out if there is a fever. The most accurate way to do this is by taking a rectal temperature. (Be sure to use a lubricant, such as petroleum jelly, when doing so) If your child’s fever is 40C or higher by rectum, you need to call the clinic.

If you take the temperature by mouth (for an older child) or under the arm, these temperatures are generally lower and may be less accurate. Call your clinic if you are concerned about these temperatures.

Here are some things you can do to reduce the fever:

  • Give your child plenty to drink.

  • Clothe your child lightly. Do not cover or wrap your child tightly!

  • Give your child acetaminophen. DO NOT USE ASPIRIN.

  • Sponge your child in a few inches of lukewarm (not cold!) bath water.

My child seems really sick. Should I call the doctor?

If you are worried AT ALL about how your child looks or feels, please call the clinic.